Coimbatore is also known as kovai. The city is situated on the banks of river Noyyal and is known as textile capital of the South India or the Manchester of the South India. Coimbatore existed even prior to the 2nd century AD as a small tribal village capital called kongunad until it was brought under Chola control in the 2nd or 3rd AD by king Karikalan, the first of the early Cholas. Among its other great rulers were the Rashrtakutas, Chalukyas, Pandyas, Hoyasales and the vijayanagara kings. When kongunad fell to the british along with the rest of the state, its name was changed to coimbatore.
Located in the shadow of the western ghats , Coimbatore enjoys a very pleasant climate the year around, aided by the fresh breeze that flows in through the 25 kms long palakkad gap. The rich black soil of the region has contributed to Coimbatore's flourishing agriculture industry and , it is in fact that the successful growth of cotton that served as a foundation for the establishment of its famous textile industry. The first textile mills came up around 1888 and there are now over a hundred mills. The result has been a strong economy and a reputation as one of the greatest industrial cities in South India and is rightly called the Manchester of South India.
This city is also known for the manufacture of motor pumpsets and varied engineering goods due to which it has earned the title " The Detroit of South".
Coimbatore serves as an entry and exit point to the neighbouring state of Kerala and the ever-popular hill station of Udagamandalam (Ooty) in Tamil Nadu. It is the disembarking point of those who want to take the Nilgiris Mountain train that runs from Mettupalayam to Ooty that is just 35 kms from Coimbatore. There are also bus services from Coimbatore to Ooty
Source: Tamilnadu Tourism Development Corporation Coimbatore brochure.